A depository can be compared to a bank. A depository holds securities like shares,
debentures, bonds, Government Securities, units etc. of investors in electronic
form. Besides holding securities, a depository also provides services related to
transactions in securities. At present two Depositories viz. National Securities
Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository Services (I) Limited (CDSL) are
registered with SEBI.
A depository interfaces with the investors through its agents called Depository
Participants (DPs). If an investor wants to avail the services offered by the depository,
the investor has to open an account with a DP. This is similar to opening an account
with any branch of a bank in order to utilise the bank's services.
The Depository facilities include,
Dematerialisation, Rematerialisation, repurchase/redemption of units of mutual funds,
electronic settlement of trades in stock exchanges, receipt